Reading and Phonics

Learning to read is an exciting time for both parents and children.

Recognising written words is the key to opening up a world of learning opportunities, it can also be a tricky new skill for young children. Learning to read is a three way process between the school, your child and you as parents at home. In this section you will find out about how we teach reading in phonics and how you can work with us to support your child.

Vision for reading at Berger

1. Reading is…. creating experts: developing staff expertise and whole school enthusiasm.
2. Reading is….understanding: teaching reading and comprehension effectively.
3. Reading is….collaborative: engaging parents and the wider community.
4. Reading is …. confidence: pupil voice.
5. Reading is…visible: the reading environment and resources.
6. Reading is….fun! Promoting and celebrating reading.

At Berger we teach word reading -letter sound correspondence and comprehension. A linguist approach to reading and spelling. We follow a carefully structured program that follows a pattern of phonological language acquisition with each year group leading naturally and logically on to the next. We have built in time to go over tricky concepts and revisit where we need to. Each year group revisits the previous year groups’ tricky concepts and year 1 and 2, 3 and 4, 5 and 6 have the same spelling patterns in line with the national curriculum – and enables the children to consolidate and become confident. Each year group also has specific words to learn to spell.

Below you will find a range of useful information with regard to reading:

Complex Speed Sounds - for parents

Home School Reading Every Day Information

Key to alphabetic code knowledge

Reading at Berger Primary School

Rhymes to go with complex speed chart

Structured Synthetic Phonics

Useful Phonics Websites for Parents

What do Book Band levels mean

How to support your child’s reading in Reception and key stage 1

At Berger we use phonic letters and sounds to teach children the sounds that letters make. Emma Morgan, foundation stage coordinator has modelled these sounds on film.

There are 3 films:

  • Phase 2, 3 & 4 are taught in reception
  • Phase 4 & 5 are taught in year 1
  • Phase 5 & 6 are taught in Year 2.

There is also an extra film in which you can hear the short vowel sounds.

The children use phonics to learn the letter sounds so that they can read words. They do this by making the sounds and then blending the sounds in to a word.

What is blending

For reading (decoding) say the sounds from left to right of the word and blend the sounds together to read the whole word.

How to blend

Point under each letter or letter group (grapheme) as you say the sound, and then run your finger under the whole word as you say the whole (or blended) word.

e.g. d-o-g – dog

p-o-sh – posh

Below are videos of how phonics is taught at Berger Primary.

Phonics Phase 2

Phonics Phase 3

Phonics Phase 5

Letters and Sounds


We hope you find this informative, if you have any further questions please ask your child’s class teacher, who will be able to further assist you.

For free e Books, games, phonic guide and activities visit Oxford Owl.

There are also many other sites that you can visit.